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Path: Top > Tugas Akhir - D3 > 2017 > Jurusan Teknik Elektro > Program Studi Teknik Listrik > 2019

Rancang Bangun Sistem Pendingin Panel Surya Untuk Meningkatkan Efisiensi Daya Berbasis Arduino Uno

Build And Design Water Cooling System For Increase Power Efficiency Solar Cell Methode Base On Arduino Uno

Tugas Akhir, 054 / 2019 / TLI
Undergraduate Theses from JBPTPPOLBAN / 2020-03-26 11:04:44
Oleh : Sartika Novini - 161321057 (sartikanovini@gmail.com )
Dibuat : 2020-03-26, dengan 4 file

Keyword : Solar panels are devices that can convert sunlight energy into electrical energy. The amount of energy produced depends on the amount of intensity of sunlight received. but solar panels are only able to produce solar panel output power efficiency of 15% of the irradiation received, one of the factors that can affect solar panel efficiency is solar panel working temperature. The heat energy from solar radiation is also absorbed, thereby raising the temperature of the solar panel. The ambient temperature around the solar panel also contributes to the temperature changes in the solar panel. As a result, the output power produced by solar panels is reduced so that the efficiency produced is also small. Therefore, to solve this problem a solar panel cooling system with water circulation is needed to increase the efficiency of the solar panel, the system used is an on-off method where the LM35 temperature sensor as feedback and the water pump as a cooling actuator and Arduino Uno function as a system processor. Tests carried out using 100 WP solar panels without and by using a cooling system. The data produced shows that the output produced by solar panels has increased when using a cooling system at the same light intensity conditions of 884 W / m2, the maximum power obtained by 59,886 Watt and efficiency of 10,448% compared to solar panels without using a cooling system that only produce power of 53,139 Watts and efficiency of 9,273%. After using a solar panel cooling system, it can increase the efficiency of solar panels by 1,175% of solar panel output without using a cooling system. Keywords: Solar Panel, Water Cooling System, Efficiency, Power, Arduino Uno, Temperature
Subjek : Panel Surya, Sisitem Pendingin, Efisiensi, Daya, Arduino Uno, Temperature

Panel surya merupakan alat yang dapat mengubah energi cahaya matahari menjadi energi listrik, Besarnya energi yang dihasilkan sangat tergantung dari besarnya intensitas cahaya matahari yand diterima. namun panel surya hanya mampu menghasilkan efisiensi daya keluaran panel surya sebesar 15% dari irradiasi yang diterima, faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi efisiensi panel surya salah satunya yaitu temperatur kerja panel surya. Energi panas dari radiasi matahari juga ikut terserap sehingga menaikkan temperatur panel surya. Temperatur lingkungan sekitar panel surya juga memiliki kontribusi dalam perubahan temperatur pada panel surya. Akibatnya, daya keluaran yang dihasilkan oleh panel surya menjadi berkurang sehingga efisiensi yang dihasilkan pun kecil. Oleh karena itu, untuk menyelesaikan permasalahan tersebut diperlukan sistem pendingin panel surya dengan sirkulasi air untuk meningkatkan efisiensi panel surya, sistem yang digunakan adalah metoda on-off dimana sensor suhu LM35 sebagai feedback dan pompa air sebagai aktuator pendingin dan Arduino Uno berfungsi sebagai pengolah sistem. Pengujian dilakukan menggunakan panel surya 100 WP tanpa dan dengan menggunakan sistem pendingin. Data yang dihasilkan menunjukkan bahwa output yang dihasilkan panel surya mengalami kenaikan ketika menggunakan sistem pendingin pada kondisi intensitas cahaya yang sama yaitu sebesar 884 W/m2, daya maksimal yang didapat sebesar 59.886 Watt dan efisiensi sebesar 10.448% dibandingkan dengan panel surya tanpa menggunakan sistem pendingin yang hanya menghasilkan daya sebesar 53.139 Watt dan effisiensi sebesar 9.273%. Setelah menggunakan sistem pendingin panel surya, dapat meningkatkan efisiensi panel surya sebesar 1.175% dari output panel surya tanpa menggunakan sistem pendingin.

Deskripsi Alternatif :

Solar panels are devices that can convert sunlight energy into electrical energy. The amount of energy produced depends on the amount of intensity of sunlight received. but solar panels are only able to produce solar panel output power efficiency of 15% of the irradiation received, one of the factors that can affect solar panel efficiency is solar panel working temperature. The heat energy from solar radiation is also absorbed, thereby raising the temperature of the solar panel. The ambient temperature around the solar panel also contributes to the temperature changes in the solar panel. As a result, the output power produced by solar panels is reduced so that the efficiency produced is also small. Therefore, to solve this problem a solar panel cooling system with water circulation is needed to increase the efficiency of the solar panel, the system used is an on-off method where the LM35 temperature sensor as feedback and the water pump as a cooling actuator and Arduino Uno function as a system processor. Tests carried out using 100 WP solar panels without and by using a cooling system. The data produced shows that the output produced by solar panels has increased when using a cooling system at the same light intensity conditions of 884 W / m2, the maximum power obtained by 59,886 Watt and efficiency of 10,448% compared to solar panels without using a cooling system that only produce power of 53,139 Watts and efficiency of 9,273%. After using a solar panel cooling system, it can increase the efficiency of solar panels by 1,175% of solar panel output without using a cooling system. Keywords: Solar Panel, Water Cooling System, Efficiency, Power, Arduino Uno, Temperature

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