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The Evaluation of Marine Cadastre Definitions Among Australia, Canada and United States of America Based on Indonesia's Perspective as an Archipelagic State

Cadastre: Geo-Information Innovations in Land Administration pp 275-308
Journal from JBPTPPOLBAN / 2018-03-12 15:58:40
Oleh : Yackob Astor ; Widyo Nugroho Sulasdi ; S. Hendriatiningsih ; Dwi Wisayantono (yackobastor@polban.ac.id)
Dibuat : 2018-03-12, dengan 1 file

Keyword : marine cadastre definition, archipelagic state, Indonesian characteristic
Url : http://https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-319-51216-7_22

In 1995 the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) defined that “A Cadastre is normally a parcel-based and up-to-date land information system containing a record of interests in land (e.g. right, restrictions and responsibilities). It usually includes a geometric description of land parcels linked to other records describing the nature of the interests, the ownership or control of those interests, and often the value of the parcel and its improvements. It may be established for fiscal purposes (e.g. valuation and equitable taxation), legal purposes (conveyance), to assist in the management of land and land use (e.g. for planning and other administrative purposes), and enables sustainable development and environmental protection “. The above definition if it is implemented in Indonesia as an archipelagic state, so only 1.922.570 km2 of natural resources (land based) as the object of cadastre. How about 3.374.668 km2 of Indonesian marine resources? This research compared the marine resources management in some developed and non-island countries such as Australia, Canada and USA through the definition of marine cadastre which has been formulated in those countries. There is no marine cadastre definition especially for the archipelagic state up-to-now, the question is whether the marine cadastre definitions that existing in non-island countries can be implemented in Indonesian archipelago? The evaluation results which have been conducted showed that each existing marine cadastre definitions cannot be completely used in Indonesia. Therefore, it is needed to define an appropriate marine cadastre definition as the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia which the characteristics as archipelagic state. The marine cadastre definition must incorporate to the territorial coast competence elements in accordance with Act no.23 of 2014 based on Regional Government, Act no. 1 of 2014 on the Management of Coastal Areas and Small Islands, Act no.32 of 2014 about Marine, and concerning to the existence of customary marine law recognized by the government.

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